Company "A" 4th W.Va. Cavalry
Battery "H" 1st W.Va. Light Artillery


TWO Medals were struck for this soldier.

     Following the Civil War, one medal was to be struck for each soldier who served in a West Virginia regiment. Medals were also awarded to the men of the 45th U.S. Colored Troops, assigned to West Virginia. But since many soldiers served in more than one regiment, and some regiments merged with others, it must have been a daunting task to sort out the names, regiments and companies to be inscribed on the medals. For soldiers who served in more then one regiment, the medal was typically inscribed with the last regiment and company of service, but sometimes, RARELY, more than one medal was struck for a single soldier. That was the case with William H. Cox.


Pension Index Card, National Archives

     William Harrison Cox was born in Belmont County, Ohio, about 1844. He was the son of John Cox, born about 1823 in Monroe County, Ohio, and Margaret Ann Davis, married in Belmont County, 10 Apr 1843. John Cox was the son of William Cox and Catherine Tidd, residents of Monroe County.

     John Cox, at the age of 39, served in Carlin's Battery "D" 1st West Virginia Infantry for the nearly three years it was organized. John is included in the book, CARLIN'S WHEELING BATTERY, by this writer.

1850 Census, York Twp., Belmont County, Ohio
COX, John, 27, Blacksmith, b OH
COX, Margaret, 28, b OH
COX, Rebecca, 6, b OH
COX, William Harrison, 4, b OH
COX, James, 2, b OH
DAVIS, Solomon, 24, Blacksmith, b OH

1860 Census, Ohio County, West Virginia
COX, John, 37, Blacksmith, b OH
COX, Margaret, 37, Seamstress, b OH
COX, William, 14, b OH
COX, James, 12, b OH
COX, Napolean, 10, b OH
COX, Mary, 7, b VA
COX, John, 4, b VA
COX, Sarah, 1, b VA

     William Cox, age 18, mustered in 6 Jul 1863 to serve in Company "A" 4th W.Va. Cavalry for six months. This company mustered out 15 Mar 1864. On 13 Aug 1864, Private William H. Cox, age 18, mustered in to serve with Battery "H" 1st W.Va. Light Artillery.

     On 1 Jul 1866, William H. Cox, of Wheeling, Ohio County, W.Va., was married to Virginia L. Wayt, of Marshall County, W.Va., in West Alexander, Pennsylvania, by Squire Joseph Finley Mayes.

     In the 1860 Census of Marshall County, W.Va., Virginia L. Wayt was residing with her mother, Martha Wayt, a seamstress, 43, born Ireland, and her brother Albert B. Wayt, age 17. Both Virginia and Albert are listed as having been born in Ohio. Virginia married William H. Cox in 1866 and is not found in the 1870 census. Martha and son, Albert Wayt, single, are still found in the 1870 and 1880 censuses of Marshall County. Martha died in a fall in 26 Oct 1881 at the age of 71. Albert, born Mar 1843, married Amanda Ellis and was found in Dade County, Florida in 1900. Albert had served as a Corporal in Company "A" 25 Ohio Infantry. He received a government pension and upon his death, 31 May 1909, his wife Amanda E., residing in Tennessee, received a pension until her death 12 Apr 1928. Both Albert B. and Amanda Ellis Wayt are buried at the Chattanooga National Cemetery, Hamilton County, Tennessee.

1880 Census, Wheeling, Ohio County, W.Va.
COX, William, 33, Nailer, OH OH OH
COX, Virginia L., 32, wife, OH VA IRE
COX, Mary S., daughter, 8, WV OH OH
COX, James E., son, 6, WV OH OH
COX, Albert B., son, 5, WV OH OH

     In the 1910 Census of Seattle, King County, Washington, Virginia was a widow, living with her single daughter, Mary S. (or V.). By 1920, Mary, 37, was married to Alexander Gardner and Virginia was living with them. Alexander and Mary were alone in 1930, so presumably, Virginia was dead.