Battery "H" First West Virginia Light Artillery

© May 2007, Linda Cunningham Fluharty.


Captured at New Creek Nov 1864; died at Camp Chase, Ohio, after release from Libby Prison.

     David Tschappat, Battery "H" First West Virginia Light Artillery, was the son of Jacob and Susanna (Minder) Tschappat of Monroe County, Ohio.

History of Monroe County, Ohio
by H. H. Hardesty & Co., Publishers, 1882
Edited by Woodsfield (Monroe County) Chamber of Commerce

FIRST GERMANS AND SWISS - In April, 1819, ten German and Swiss families embarked on a flatboat on the Aar River at Berne under the leadership of Jacob Tisher. They descended the Aar River to the Rhine River and continued to the city of Antwerp where they boarded a French ship, Eugenius, for New York. After traveling 48 days, they landed at Amboy, New Jersey, where they purchased teams -- six of the families starting to travel to Wheeling, Virginia, The little colony now consisted of Father Jacob Tisher, Abraham Tisher, Jacob Tschappat, Daniel Fankhauser, Nicholas Fankhauser, Jacob Marti (together with their families), and Jacob Nisperli, single. After a tedious journey , they reached Wheeling and again embarked on a flatboat -- their destination being the Great Kanawa (sic) River.

1850 Census, Switzerland Twp., Monroe County, Ohio
Jacob Shabbot, 47, Farmer, $1500, $700, b Switzerland
Susanna Shabbot, 44, b Switzerland
John Shabbot, 19, b Ohio
William Shabbot, 17, b Ohio
Philip Shabbot, 15, b Ohio
Cessilla Shabbot, 13, b Ohio
Louisa Shabbot, 11, b Ohio
Samuel Shabbot, 9, b Ohio
David Shabbot, 7, b Ohio
Albert Tschappat, 4, b Ohio
James Shinn?, 8 b Ohio

1860 Census, Switzerland Twp., Monroe County, Ohio
Jacob Tschappat, 55, Farmer, $3000, $700, Switzerland
Susanna Tschappat, 50, Wife, Switzerland
William Tschappat, 27, Farm Laborer, Ohio
Carilla Tschappat, 23, Domestic, Insane Scarlet Fever, Ohio
Luisa Tschappat, 20, Domestic, Ohio
Samuel Tschappat, 16, Ohio
David Tschappat, 14, Ohio
Albert Tschappat, 12, Ohio
Mary Tschappat, 9, Ohio

     According to the 1864 West Virginia Adjutant General's Report, on 25 Aug 1864, Private DAVID TSCHAPPAT, 18, mustered in to serve in Battery "H" First Regiment West Virginia Light Artillery. He was captured at New Creek 28 Nov 1864.

     A biography of his brother, Samuel Tschappat, states that David starved to death at Libby Prison. His death is not found in the 1865 Report of the West Virginia Adjutant General. However, records in his mother's pension application indicate he died of Chronic Diarrhea on 12 Mar 1865 at Post Hospital, Camp Chase, Ohio, following discharge from Libby Prison.

SAMUEL TSCHAPPAT – is a native of Monroe county, having been born in Switzerland township, May 19, 1845. Ever since his seventeenth year he has been in the employ of the government, with the exception of two years. On the 22nd of Aug 1862, he enlisted in the 116th OVI, serving until the close of the war. He participated in the following engagement: Winchester, Opaquan, Fisher’s Hill, Cedar Creek, in the principal battles around Richmond, at the surrender of Lee, and in numerous skirmishes and small engagements. He was shot in the knee while on the skirmish line at Winchester. His brother, DAVID TSCHAPPAT, was starved to death in Libby prison, and is now buried in Green Lawn Cemetery, at Columbus, Ohio. Samuel was Assistant United States Marshal in 1870 in Monroe county. He was assistant-postmaster at Powhattan Point for five years. He still holds, and has filled, since 1876, the position of post-master at Clarington. Elizabeth DUERR became his wife at Clarington, Ohio, Jan 18 1874. They have two children: Emma Gertrude, born Jul 6 1876, and Katie, May 6 1879. Samuel’s parents, Jacob & Susannah TSCHAPPAT, settled in this county in 1825. John & Catherine DUERR are the parents of Mrs. TSCHAPPAT. Address, Clarington, Monroe county, Ohio. ["History of Monroe County, Ohio," by H. H. Hardesty & Co., Publishers, 1882]

Note: Here is an ARTICLE about Samuel Tschappat.

     On July 11, 1885, David Tschappat's mother, Susanna, applied for a government pension 328.760; her certificate is #247.165.

     The CDV image of Civil War soldier, David Tschappat, is from a family album that was auctioned in July 1997, as part of the estate of ETHEL PFALZGRAF in Clarington, Monroe County, Ohio. She was the great-granddaughter of JOHN TSCHAPPAT, the brother of the soldier. Her genealogy is as follows:

gr-gr grandparents - Jacob Tschappat & Susannah
gr-grandparents - John Tschappat & Margaret
grandparents - Mary Tschappat (b 1867; found in 1870 census) & James McCoy
parents - Agnes McCoy & Albert Staib
Ethel Staib married Fred Samuel Phalzgraf

     Many of the images were taken in 1865 - mainly in Wheeling - and they are in pristine condition. They are all from the same time period - 1860s. The image of David, the soldier, was probably made from a tintype following his death. The tax stamp is on the back is dated Feb 9 1866.